Software Development

Programming Languages vs. Frameworks, what’s the difference?

Tagged with:

When you need a software solution it can be difficult to communicate what it is that you need or want, especially when you don’t know the technical language jargon. Here, we’ll explore the differences between programming languages and frameworks. We’ll also provide some real-world examples to help visualize these concepts.

Programming Language:

A programming language is the syntax, the code the developer is typing in, so the computer can understand and execute the commands. Different programming languages are like different languages that people speak, but with their own grammar and vocabulary. Some programming languages are easier to learn than others, while some are better for specific tasks. That means depending on the project, unique programming languages are more appropriate to use than others. Some of the popular programming languages that Unidev developers prefer are Java, C#, VB, JavaScript, Python, C++, and PHP.


A programming framework is a set of pre-built tools and rules that we can use to make building software faster and easier. Frameworks are designed to simplify and speed up the development process while providing a structure for building applications.

How programming languages and frameworks work together:

We can picture programming languages like the tools and materials you need to build a house – the hammer, nails, wood, and other tools and materials. You need a programming language to build a computer program. Different programming languages are like different types of tools and materials. Some are good for building small programs and projects, while others are better for building large, complex programs and projects.

Now, let’s say you want to make building the house easier and faster. You might want to try a framework, which is essentially a pre-built set of tools and materials that help you build the house quicker. You could use a framework that already has the walls and roof built for you, so you just need to add the custom components to complete the house. Frameworks provide pre-built code and tools that help you build your program faster and with less effort.

The framework allows the developer to focus on the high-level requirements and functionality of the custom project and not worry about the low-level elements. Code used in frameworks has usually been developed and used by numerous developers, making it more efficient. However, frameworks can also be more restrictive than building from scratch since we have to follow the rules of the chosen framework. Popular frameworks include .NET, Xamarin, Java, Node.js, Ruby on Rails, Spring, Flask, Django, Laravel, Express.js, and React Native.

A programming language is the language we use to talk to computers, while a programming framework is the set of pre-made tools and rules that can make building software faster, easier, and more efficient. Understanding the difference between these is important when specifying technical requirements and making informed decisions for your custom project. Have questions about your projects technical requirements? Schedule a free consult with one of our experts!