Posts Tagged ‘Oracle’

Paging the query result

If you have 5000 products in database, you may like to show them in pages on the screen. It’s a common request to only retrieve the records on a certain page. This query must be quick and efficient if we are talking about millions of records in a table for an AJAX control.

In Oracle, we can do this:

SELECT * from
SELECT *, ROWNUM as rownumber from Product order by name
where rownumber between (PageNbr - 1)*PageSize + 1 and PageNbr*PageSize

As you can see, this query needs to fetch all rows first then narrows down the result. A more efficient query is:

select *
from ( select a.*, rownum rnum
from ( select * from product order by name) a
where rownum <= PageNbr*PageSize)
where rnum >= (PageNbr - 1)*PageSize + 1

Oracle will optimize this query, so it is not as resource intensive as the first one.

In SQL Server 2005, we can do similar query:

SELECT row_number() OVER (ORDER BY [name]) AS rowNum, * from Product
WHERE rowNum between (@PageNbr - 1) * @PageSize + 1 and @PageNbr * @PageSize
ORDER BY [name]

The query had been optimized in SQL Server as well.

Calling Oracle Stored Procedure from Hibernate

While calling Oracle stored procedure from Hibernate  there is couple of rules that we need to follow. There can be only one return value and this must be a reference cursor. This return reference cusor must be the first and only out value for the stored procedure. It is required that stored procedure must return a reference cursor to be used from Hibernate.

Here is my stored procedure which return book name and ISBN number for a given branch and for a given author

CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE SP_LIB_DTL(p_cursor    out sys_refcursor,
                                       in_brnch_cd in number,
                                       in_auth_cd in number)
  bookName varchar2(8);
  ISBN     number;
  bookName := null;
  ISBN     := 0;
  open p_cursor for
    select l.book_name, l.isbn_nbr
      into bookName, ISBN
      from LIB_BRNCH_DTL l
     where l.branch_code = in_brnch_cd
     and l.auth_code = in_auth_cd;


HIbernate Mapping for return class and Named Query:

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”utf-8″?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-mapping PUBLIC “-//Hibernate/Hibernate Mapping DTD 3.0//EN”“>
<class name=””>
<id name=”ISBN” type=”long” />
<property name=”bookName” type=”string” />
 <sql-query name=”LIB_SP” callable=”true”>
 <return class=””>
   <return-property name=”ISBN” column=”isbn_nbr” />
   <return-property name=”bookName” column=”book_name” />
  {  call SP_LIB_DTL(? , :branchCD ,:authorCD) }

Make sure you have used the correct database field name value for the column attribute for the return property mapping. You will get the following error if you don’t map the correct databse field name

could not execute query; bad SQL grammar [{  call SP_LIB_DTL(? , ?) }];
nested exception is java.sql.SQLException: Invalid column name

Here is the DAO implementation for executing query and to set the bind parameter values.

public  List selectBooks(final BigDecimal branchCode,final BigDecimal authorCode){
        return (List) getHibernateTemplate().execute(new HibernateCallback() {
              public Object doInHibernate(Session session) throws HibernateException, SQLException
                  Query q = session.getNamedQuery(“LIB_SP”);
                  q.setLong(“branchCD”, branchCode.longValue());
                  q.setLong(“authorCD”, authorCode.longValue());
                  return q.list();